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【在线】17秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业二一答案

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    2015-10-1 10:52
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    【在线】17秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业二一答案
        1   51答案网 www.aopengzuoye.com

    1. ( ) are a group of words and expressions that refer to the personal, temporal or spatial characteristics of the context within which a text is produced.
      壹. Nouns
      贰. Adjectives
      叁. Verbs
      肆. Deictics
    标准结果: 满分:2

    2. ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels.
      壹. Arbitrariness
      贰. Genetic-cultural transmission
      叁. Non-arbitrariness
      肆. Duality
    标准结果: 满分:2

    3. ( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.
      壹. Allomorph
      贰. Word
      叁. Segment
      肆. Morph
    标准结果: 满分:2

    4. ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.
      壹. Word
      贰. Sentence
      叁. Utterance
      肆. Morpheme
    标准结果: 满分:2

    5. ( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Sociolinguistics
      叁. Syntax
      肆. Semantics
    标准结果: 满分:2

    6. ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.
      壹. Exophoric
      贰. Anaphoric
      叁. Endophoric
      肆. Cataphoric
    标准结果: 满分:2

    7. ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels.
      壹. Arbitrariness
      贰. Genetic-cultural transmission
      叁. Non-arbitrariness
      肆. Duality
    标准结果: 满分:2

    8. According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.
      壹. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
      贰. Positivist theory
      叁. Use theory
      肆. Speech Acts theory
    标准结果: 满分:2

    9. Linguists introduce the notion of ( )to categorise speech sounds that do or do not make phonological contrasts in conveying meanings.
      壹. perfomation
      贰. feature
      叁. distinctive feature
      肆. function
    标准结果: 满分:2

    10. ( )is a concretisation of the biological and sociological aspects of arbitrariness and non-arbitrariness of language
      壹. Arbitrariness
      贰. Genetic-cultural transmission
      叁. Non-arbitrariness
      肆. Duality
    标准结果: 满分:2

    11. '( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.
      壹. Loudness
      贰. Rhythm
      叁. Tempo
      肆. Tone
    标准结果: 满分:2

    12. A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another.
      壹. perfomation
      贰. feature
      叁. distinctive feature
      肆. function
    标准结果: 满分:2

    13. ( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.
      壹. Loudness
      贰. Rhythm
      叁. Tempo
      肆. Tone
    标准结果: 满分:2

    14. ( ) morpheme is a morpheme that contributes to the lexical meaning of the word.
      壹. Functional
      贰. Lexical
      叁. Grammatical
      肆. Performative
    标准结果: 满分:2

    15. ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Discourse analysis
      叁. Dialectology
      肆. Morphology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    16. ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.
      壹. Exophoric
      贰. Anaphoric
      叁. Endophoric
      肆. Cataphoric
    标准结果: 满分:2

    17. ( ) refers to the speed of speech.
      壹. Loudness
      贰. Stress
      叁. Tempo
      肆. Tone
    标准结果: 满分:2

    18. 'The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar
      壹. phonetically
      贰. phonologically
      叁. sound
      肆. seem
    标准结果: 满分:2

    19. ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Discourse analysis
      叁. Dialectology
      肆. Morphology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    20. ( ) is the first stressed syllable in the tone-unit.
      壹. pre-head
      贰. head
      叁. nuclear tail
      肆. nucleus
    标准结果: 满分:2

    21. ( ) is the science that studies how speech sounds are used in language to convey meanings.
      壹. Phonetics
      贰. Phonology
      叁. Morphology
      肆. Dialectology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    22. 'Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.
      壹. function
      贰. design features
      叁. importance
      肆. performance
    标准结果: 满分:2

    23. ( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.
      壹. Accent
      贰. Dialect
      叁. Sentence
      肆. Utterance
    标准结果: 满分:2

    24. ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
      壹. register
      贰. Style
      叁. genre
      肆. Form
    标准结果: 满分:2

    25. Which of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?
      壹. Phonetics
      贰. Phonology
      叁. Morphology
      肆. Dialectology
    标准结果: 满分:2

       


        2   判断题

    1. Constituents are only structurally related.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    2. Transformation rules don't have to follow a set order.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    3. Old speakers are more sensitive to the social significance of the style of their speech, showing their stronger intention to converge to or diverge from the listener.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    4. Consonants are sounds made by a closure or narrowing somewhere in the vocal tract.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    5. Bound morpheme is a morpheme that can stand alone as a word
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    6. Inflectional morpheme may be a free morpheme.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    7. Diachronic linguistics focuses on a particular phase in its development.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    8. Reference relates linguistic forms to some other related linguistic forms
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    9. Surface structure refers to the abstract syntactic representation of a sentence .
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    10. 'Duality makes it possible for second/foreign language learning
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    11. Phonemics intends to find out the sound system functioning in individual languages .
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    12. Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    13. Stress refers to the feature that is determined solely by the amplitude of the vibration of the sound-wave.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    14. Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    15. Arbitratiness contributes to language flexibility and versatility and makes it possible for language to be passed on from generation to generation.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    16. Consonants all involve the vibration of the vocal folds
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    17. The distinctive feature of place of articulation alone can make necessary distinction between some consonants
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    18. 'Affix hopping refers to the bound morphemes in the verb group hop backward to join the following member in the verb group .
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    19. 'Transformation rules don't have to follow a set order.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    20. Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    21. Old speakers are more sensitive to the social significance of the style of their speech, showing their stronger intention to converge to or diverge from the listener.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    22. An inflectional morpheme does not change the grammatical class of the word.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    23. 'Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    24. Different language make use of the same set of speech sounds.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    25. Constituency approach is bottom-up in nature.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

       

    【在线】17秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业一
        1   51答案网 www.aopengzuoye.com

    1. 'The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar
      壹. phonetically
      贰. phonologically
      叁. sound
      肆. seem
    标准结果: 满分:2

    2. ( ) refers to the speed of speech.
      壹. Loudness
      贰. Stress
      叁. Tempo
      肆. Tone
    标准结果: 满分:2

    3. ( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Sociolinguistics
      叁. Syntax
      肆. Semantics
    标准结果: 满分:2

    4. ( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and production.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Phonology
      叁. Dialectology
      肆. Psycholinguistics
    标准结果: 满分:2

    5. According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.
      壹. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
      贰. Positivist theory
      叁. Use theory
      肆. Speech Acts theory
    标准结果: 满分:2

    6. ( ) morpheme is a morpheme that contributes to the lexical meaning of the word.
      壹. Functional
      贰. Lexical
      叁. Grammatical
      肆. Performative
    标准结果: 满分:2

    7. The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar
      壹. phonetically
      贰. phonologically
      叁. sound
      肆. seem
    标准结果: 满分:2

    8. In the tree diagram ( ) is the point from which two or more lines descend.
      壹. Node
      贰. Initial node
      叁. Branching
      肆. Intermediate node
    标准结果: 满分:2

    9. ( )the main source of energy for speaking, initiating the airflow for speech, hence pulmonic airstream mechanism.
      壹. Mouth
      贰. Heart
      叁. Nose
      肆. Lung
    标准结果: 满分:2

    10. ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Discourse analysis
      叁. Dialectology
      肆. Morphology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    11. ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
      壹. register
      贰. Style
      叁. genre
      肆. Form
    标准结果: 满分:2

    12. ( ) refers to the primary and commonly accepted meaning of linguistic forms.
      壹. Lexical meaning
      贰. Sentential meaning
      叁. Utterance meaning
      肆. Literal meaning
    标准结果: 满分:2

    13. Which of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?
      壹. Phonetics
      贰. Phonology
      叁. Morphology
      肆. Dialectology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    14. ( )the main source of energy for speaking, initiating the airflow for speech, hence pulmonic airstream mechanism.
      壹. Mouth
      贰. Heart
      叁. Nose
      肆. Lung
    标准结果: 满分:2

    15. Productivity is characterised by the feature of ( ).
      壹. Arbitrariness
      贰. Genetic-cultural transmission
      叁. Non-arbitrariness
      肆. Duality
    标准结果: 满分:2

    16. Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.
      壹. function
      贰. design features
      叁. importance
      肆. performance
    标准结果: 满分:2

    17. '( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.
      壹. Allomorph
      贰. Word
      叁. Segment
      肆. Morph
    标准结果: 满分:2

    18. '( ) refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
      壹. Synonymy
      贰. Polysemy
      叁. Homonymy
      肆. Antonymy
    标准结果: 满分:2

    19. ( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.
      壹. Accent
      贰. Dialect
      叁. Sentence
      肆. Utterance
    标准结果: 满分:2

    20. ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
      壹. Pragmatics
      贰. Discourse analysis
      叁. Dialectology
      肆. Morphology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    21. () refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
      壹. Synonymy
      贰. Polysemy
      叁. Homonymy
      肆. Antonymy
    标准结果: 满分:2

    22. ( )is a concretisation of the biological and sociological aspects of arbitrariness and non-arbitrariness of language
      壹. Arbitrariness
      贰. Genetic-cultural transmission
      叁. Non-arbitrariness
      肆. Duality
    标准结果: 满分:2

    23. ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.
      壹. Exophoric
      贰. Anaphoric
      叁. Endophoric
      肆. Cataphoric
    标准结果: 满分:2

    24. ( ) is the scie nce that studies sounds
      壹. Phonetics
      贰. Phonology
      叁. Morphology
      肆. Dialectology
    标准结果: 满分:2

    25. ( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.
      壹. Accent
      贰. Dialect
      叁. Sentence
      肆. Utterance
    标准结果: 满分:2

       


        2   判断题

    1. Illocutionary force refers to the power that is conventionally associated with the expressions used in the locutionary act and that enables the speaker to execute the intended act through what he/she says.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    2. Phonemics intends to find out the sound system functioning in individual languages .
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    3. 'Langue is the language system that speakers of the language conform to in their verbal communication.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    4. 'Language is entirely arbitrary.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    5. A constituent structure rule is one that governs selecting from the lexicon a lexical item and inserting it into a terminal node of a constituent structure as its daughter.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    6. The arbitrariness of the relationship between the linguistic symbol and its referent distinguishes human language from animals’ languages.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    7. At the sentential level, the comprehension of a sentence is realised through extracting the syntactic and semantic information of the sentence, interpreting the sentential meaning in the light of its contexts, and retaining some or all of the interpr
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    8. ' An inflectional morpheme does not change the grammatical class of the word.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    9. 'The meaning of a sentence is a simple concatenation of individual lexical meanings of the words that form the sentence.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    10. Stress refers to the feature that is determined solely by the amplitude of the vibration of the sound-wave.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    11. The position of the nucleus in a tone-unit is usually dependent on the intention that the speaker has in mind for the utterance .
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    12. Constituency approach is bottom-up in nature.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    13. Utterance meaning includes not only the relevant sentential meaning(s) but also various meanings determined by the contexts where the utterance takes place.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    14. Sentence is a unit in semantics and its meaning is formed on the principle of compositionality.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    15. Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    16. Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    17. Endocentric compounding means the meaning of the compound cannot be inferred from the meanings of its componential free morphemes.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    18. Inflectional morpheme may be a free morpheme.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    19. Surface structure refers to the abstract syntactic representation of a sentence .
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    20. Discourse analysis is more concerned with conventional implicatures than conversational ones.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    21. A language is an isolating language if its morphemes are all bound morphemes
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    22. Reference relates linguistic forms to some other related linguistic forms
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    23. Rreferences of different kinds or types cannot co-occur in the same sentence.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    24. A morphological rule is a rule that introduces the morph or allomorphs that match the morpheme concerned.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

    25. Cohesionrefers to the linguistic property of units larger than the morpheme to bind together in construction, or the relations of meaning that exist within the text and that define it as a text.
      壹. 错误
      贰. 正确
    标准结果: 满分:2

       






     
     
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